Until the Romantic period, most composers regardless of their nationality, borrowed
musical styles from Germany, France, and Italy. A new trend called nationalism
inspired composers to incorporate native folk songs and styles into
their music. Russia was the leader of the Nationalist movement,
with composers such as Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Alexander Borodin, Modeste
Mussorgsky, and Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov.
A Czechoslovakian composer,
Antonin Dvorak relied heavily on folk tunes and popular dance rhythms,
such as the furiant and dumka, in his symphonies and chamber music.
Die Moldau from Ma Vlast (My Country) by Bedrich Smetana
Flight of the Bumblebee by N. Rimsky-Korsakov
Slavonic Dance No. 5 in A (Op.46 No.5) by Antonin Dvorak