History of Classical Music

Baroque Characteristics

(Baroque 1)

Overview of Baroque Next (Instrumental)

Form
Dances were popular during this period as well as preludes, fugues, suites, toccatas and theme and variations. Binary and ternary forms were used frequently.
Harmony
Two or more melodies played at the same time created a musical texture called counterpoint. There were frequent harmonic changes. Tonality was based on major and minor keys.
Keyboard Instruments
The clavichord, harpsichord, and organ were used.
Rhythm
Emphasis was on strong beats, upbeats and fast-changing rhythmic motion. Eighths, 16ths and triplets were frequently used.
Style
Phrase and expression marks were not used. Faster notes were normally played legato; slower notes were normally played nonlegato. Ornaments were used frequently.


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