The Baroque period was an important time in the history of the world. Galileo, Kepler
and Newton were discovering new ways to explain the universe. In music,
art, architecture, and fashion, fancy decoration and ornamentation became
the rule. Both men and women wore wigs and coats with lace.
Throughout the Baroque period,
composers continued to be employed by the church and wealthy ruling class.
This system of employment was called the patronage system. As the patron
paid the composer for each work and usually decided what kind of piece
the composer should write, this limited their creative freedom.
Important Baroque composers include Johann Sebastian Bach, George Frederic
Handel, Johann Pachelbel, Georg Phillip Telemann, Henry Purcell and Antonio Vivaldi.