History of Classical Music

Franz Liszt

Romantic Period
Composers
Franz Liszt Franz Liszt performed publicly almost to the day he died. He was among the first to arrange entire programs of solo piano music. He was the originator of a melodramatic playing style that raised piano virtuosity to a self-sufficient and exciting form of entertainment.

Both Czerny and his father taught Franz Liszt the piano. He gave his first recital at the age of nine. As a child he was sent to Vienna where he studied composition with Antonio Salieri and technique with the celebrated pedagogue Carl Czerny. From Hector Berlioz and Frederic Chopin he borrowed a number of important stylistic elements, translating Berlioz' orchestral color into pianistic terms, and using Chopin's soft lyricism that supported his own natural strength at the keyboard.

He gave concerts in Paris maintaining his legendary reputation. He was famous for playing the piano, being a conductor, an arranger, and a writer. Franz Liszt and his wife lived in Switzerland and Italy and had three children.

Liszt wrote piano miniatures, solo piano music, transcription pieces, poems, symphonic poems and symphonies. He composed several masses, a number of psalms, and an oratorio entitled The Legend of St. Elizabeth.

Some of his most famous pieces are the Faust and Dante symphonies, Mephisto Waltz, Totentanz, Leibestraum, and the Hungarian Rhapsodies.

by Krista H. (Grade 4)

Music by Liszt

Sources

Collin's Encyclopedia of Music, 1991-Chancellor Press: London, Sir Jack Westrup & F.L.I. Harrison

Oxford Dictionary of Music

Classical Music Pages: Franz Liszt (http://w3.rz-berlin.mpg.de/cmp/liszt.html)



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